There is a big difference between heart attack, cardiac arrest and stroke. If you know this difference, you may be able to save your own life or the life of someone else.
In order to do so, it is needed to know the basic facts about cardiac arrest, stroke and heart attack.
What do you need to know?
The heart attack and the stroke happen because of a block in the blood flow. When the blood cannot get to the heart, you have a heart attack. During a stroke, the blood cannot reach the brain.
The stoke is a result of clogged or burst blood vessels, and the heart attack is usually a result of blood clots.
Furthermore, the heart attack differs from the cardiac arrest even though a heart attack may lead to a cardiac arrest.
According to AHA (the American Heart Association), the cardiac arrest is used to describe when there is a sudden and unexpected stop of the heart beat.
If the heart stops working, the blood cannot go to the organs and the brain. If there is a cardiac arrest, the individual loses his/her consciousness and the person needs to be treaded immediately or they can die.
What you should do in this situation?
If you see a person that collapses unexpectedly, call immediately 911 and perform CPR until the ambulance comes.
The American Heart Association recommends CPR only with hands. The rhythm should be as the song Stayin Alive. You will maximize the chances of survival.
Heart attack symptoms:
- Sensation or squeeze;
- Tight aches in the shoulders, arm, chest and back
- Short breath;
The women also have the following symptoms:
- Jaw and neck pain;
If the person has the symptoms for about five minutes, you need to call an ambulance.
Three main stroke symptoms:
Use the abbreviation “FAST” to remember them:
- Face dropping
- Arm weaknesses
- Speech difficulties
- Time for calling 911
When having a stroke, an arm is weak or numb. The speech is really slurred and a part of your face is really numb or it is dropping. If you think that the person is having a stroke, call 911.
You need to remember the time of these symptoms so you can tell the doctor later.
Do not hesitate- call an ambulance since this is crucial in an emergency like this.
Cardiac Arrest Symptoms:
- Sudden and immediate loss of consciousness
- Not having a pulse
- Sudden collapse
- Does not breathe
Other signs and symptoms:
- Chest pains;
- Shortness of breath;
Be careful, a sudden cardiac arrest may happen without a warning.
If you smoke, or have high cholesterol levels or high blood pressure, diabetes or a sedentary style of life, you have a greater chance to get a cardiac arrest, heart attack or stroke.
Always remember that you need to call 911 if a person has the above-mentioned symptoms.