When a black-legged tick bites you, you obtain Lyme disease since it transfer a bacteria shaped like a corkscrew called Borrelia burgdorferi. When ticks feed on wild animals which are infected with this bacteria: birds, deers and rodents, they immediately become infested with these bacteria.
The bacteria then becomes spread on everything: dogs, people, different animals etc.
Lyme Disease Symptoms
When a bite happens, the symptoms can appear after many weeks or years. Many people wouldn’t even think that they can appear because of a bite because they didn’t even feel it.
Here are some of the most common symptoms, even though they are different from person to person and it can be really dangerous to leave them untreated:
skin rash around the place of the bite
chills or fever
Several months or weeks after a bite, these symptoms can be noticed:
swollen lymph nodes
neck stiffness and severe headaches
swelling, blurry vision or eye pain
unexplained chills or night sweats
tingling sensations, numbness or shooting pains in the limbs
When a case is more severe, these are the most common symptoms:
difficulty eating, breathing, sleeping and talking
memory loss, brain fog or state of confusion
intermittent pain in muscles, tendons, bones and joints
seizures and nervous system disorders
partial body paralysis
What Are Ticks?
When a tick is fully grown it becomes with the size of a pea. Many bushes and tall grass can be the area where they live. They are easily attached to clothing, animals and humans. They’re usually the most active during warm weather e.g. from spring to autumn.
They are small bugs from the family of spiders. They have eight legs and suck blood.
They can also be harmless and without any symptoms, but an infested tick can also be deadly.
The areas which are moist and warm are the most attractive for ticks. They usually move around the body to discover a good spot where they can bite and suck the blood out. They don’t fall off after they’re done, but they remain attached and only become bigger in size.
During this period, the tick infested with Lyme disease puts the bacteria deeply in the skin and later in the blood stream which causes infections.
This disease has become very common nowadays.
Prevent Lyme Disease
In case you need to go in areas where you can encounter ticks, use these tips:
Don’t walk in areas that have tall grass, bushes and woods.
You can spot ticks easier if you wear clothes with light color.
Make sure the shoes you wear are with closed toes. The socks need to be over your pants.
Always use insect repellents and shirts with long sleeves.
Shower and bathe after you come from outside.
Pets and children need to be checked well, especially in the hair, in the belly button, around and inside their ears, under the arms etc.
Check the clothing or use a dryer as high heat can destroy ticks.
In Case You Are Bitten
We have already said that these bugs are usually attached to the skin. Make sure you remove them in 12 hours tops so that you could prevent an infection. Don’t try to crush or rub off the tick since it may leave its sting in your skin. The bacteria will also be transferred on the fingers.
In numerous insects, the bacteria or poison is inside the sting. The tick needs to be removed carefully remove so that you could minimize the impact of its bite.
The tweezers you use should be fine-pointed. Try to grasp the tick closely to the skin, but your hand needs to be steady.
Try not to twist it so that you don’t break its mouth parts.
In case they are broken, you have to remove them steadily without harming the area around them more.
Use a disinfectant or alcohol to clean the area. You can also use apple cider vinegar. Just don’t dilute it.
The dead tick should be put in a sandwich bag and taken to the doctor as soon as you notice some symptom.
In Case You Have Lyme Disease
According to many studies, people use cannabis to fight the symptoms of Lyme disease. It has been shown as quite useful.
It also fights peripheral neuropathy that many people with Lyme disease have.
It is a very safe alternative compared to opiates which can be ineffective, but also addictive.